A Guide to The Filter Press: How They Work, Uses, And More
Do you wonder if your operations could function better with a filter press?
This post explains what a filter press is, how it functions, and the process of refining your filter press to improve productivity.
What is a Filter Press?
A filter press is a machine that separates liquids from solids. It is useful in a wide variety of industries. Typically, slurry is fed into the filter press, then squeezed against filter plates. That pressure separates the liquid from the solid materials in the slurry. From there, the separated liquid runs through the filter cloth and exits the press, where it is collected. After the separation process is complete, the filter plates have solid material caked onto them and may be removed and cleaned.
There are four different types of filter presses: plate and frame, recessed plate and frame, membrane, and fully automatic. The most common design is the plate and frame model, which is a series of plates and frames that sit between support rails and have filter cloth between them.
Most filter presses have four fundamental parts, including:
- The frame
- Manifold (funneling and valves)
- Filter Cloth
The filter press plate is a sturdy plate often made of metal or polypropylene. Depending on construction of the plate, issues such as temperature variations and, pressure during normal operation, are addressed.
Furthermore, filter presses are built with an overhead beam or a side beam to support the filter plates. An overhead beam suspends the plates and supports them from the top. This model is appropriate for high-pressure cloth washing because there is more space between each plate. Overhead beam models also make changing out the filter clothes easier. Side beam models have support beams along the side of the machine, which is beneficial if you have a lower pressure wash system. These machines can also be smaller or even portable.
The filtration press configuration depends on the type of slurry that is passing through the machine and the volume of fluid. Depending on the job, some projects may benefit from additional accessories such as gaskets, scrapers, and air hammers.
A Brief Filter Press History
The filter press has been an effective tool for dewatering for thousands of years. Initial iterations of presses served the agricultural industry by separating oil from seeds in vegetables, producing tea from flowers, and juice from fruits. It expanded from there to support other industries.
The modern filter presses now consume less energy and are more cost-efficient than other production equipment. By comparison to other machines, it’s estimated that a filter press can be 1/6 of the cost of operating a belt press or rotary drum.
While there are varying present-day filtration presses, the plate-and-frame filtration presses are one of the most widely used versions of dewatering hardware.
How A Filter Press Works
Let’s examine the function of a filter press in more detail. A filter press performs different cycles in the process of dewatering. The process begins with a filling cycle where the slurry is pumped into the press and conveys evenly throughout the mold. From there, solids form on the filtration material, framing the channel cake of each plate. As the plates are pushed together, filtration begins. This process is referred to as strain filtration.
Filtration presses can be operated manually, one cycle at a time. They are also compatible with a pre-programmed, 24-hour cycle(s). Industries like mining or compound assembling plants for wastewater treatment may rely on continuous cycling.
Filtration presses are most effective on slurry consisting of 50-60 percent solids. Slurry with less solids ratios may need to pass through a clarifier first.
When blended, a clarifier and filtration press can purify 90-95 percent of your liquid. The remaining liquid will come out with the solids from the filtration press.
What Are the Applications of a Filter Press
Filter presses are used in a wide variety of industries and commercial settings. Many industries appreciate their versatility, which we will explore next.
Customizing a Filter Press
For best performance, the filtration media should be customized to support the substance being filtered and the kinds of solids that you are separating.
You can tweak the following factors to accommodate your requirements:
- Filtration limit
- Machine plan
- Plate size and number of chambers
You can also apply extra components such as filtration cloth washing frameworks, a trickle plate, and cake safeguards to enhance the press’ execution and usefulness.
Also, note that filtration presses come in a wide variety of sizes, from small lab-scale presses to large factory presses.
Industries That Often Use Filter Presses
Many sectors use filtration presses for fluid and solid detachment, including:
- Municipal Treatment Plants
- Food and Beverage Processing
- Power Generators
- Asphalt and Cement Production
- Steel Mills
Contact Filter Holdings For All Your Filtration Needs
Filter Holdings is a principal manufacturer of modern filtration items and premium filters that enhance air, gas, and fluid filtration. Reach out to us today to equip your business with the best filter press for your needs.